Causes and Symptoms of Lower Back Pain in Young Adults

Though anyone can experience lower back pain, it is those between the ages of 30 to 60 years old that are at a higher risk of experiencing back pain caused by a strain on the back muscles inside disc spaces. A main factor has to do with how many people have desk jobs or how many people consider themselves a desk jockey. This article, we will address some symptoms and causes of lower back pain in young adults.

Lower Back Pain in Young Adults

Lumbar pain usually starts after lifting heavy objects, sudden movement, not sitting upright or sitting on a seat without a lumbar pillow or any other activity that affects your back. This pain is usually caused by a strain on the back muscles that causes ligaments or muscles to develop microscopic tears or stretch. Its symptoms include:

– Muscle spasms that can be severe in some cases.

– Achy and dull pain.

– Pain that moves around to the upper thigh, groin, or buttock. This pain can travel below the knee in very rare cases.

– Soreness of the lower back area when touched.

– Difficulty in locomotion. This difficulty can be so severe in some case to a point where standing or walking is impossible.


Sciatica is a type of lower back pain that travels from the lumbar region to the buttock, leg, and foot. It is usually caused by lumbar herniated disc, isthmic spondylolisthesis, degenerative disc disease, and a host of many other conditions. Its symptoms include:

– Pain that is felt on one side of the leg, foot or buttock.

– Ongoing pain rather than flaring pain.

– This pain is severe unlike the dull or aching pain usually experienced in lower back pain.

– The pain in the lower back is less severe than the one felt in the leg and foot.

– In some cases, one may have difficulty in moving the leg or foot, and may also experience numbness or weakness.

There are many more causes of lower back pain in young adults. If you have any of these symptoms, please visit your doctor for further examination and treatment.

Causes of Back Pain and How to Manage it

Most people experience some form of back pain at some stage in life. This pain can be mild or severe depending on the actual cause. Learning about some of the causes of pain can be key to effective treatment.

Common causes of back pain

Sitting in a certain posture for a prolonged period of time is one of the most common causes of mild back pain. Students sitting in a classroom or professionals who spend long hours behind their desks are often victims of this form of pain.

Another cause of lumbar pain is injury. Individuals that are involved in accidents or unfortunate incidents including fights can develop back pain if a bone or muscle is seriously damaged.

Malnutrition is known to have adverse effects on the human body and this can easily lead to upper or lower back pain. Individuals that eat foods that are not rich in nutrients such as vitamin D and calcium are likely to develop weak bones. This means they will develop painful sensations after a short period of walking, jogging or swimming.

Diseases and certain disorders may end up causing damage to the spinal cord or body organs that are closely situated to the back. This can lead to transferred pain which means that the individuals feels pain in the back when in real sense its origin is another part of the body.

Remedies for back pain

Taking a balanced diet is one way to deal with back pain that is caused by malnutrition. If a disorder is causing the malnutrition, it may be wise for the individual to consume supplements that are aimed at providing sufficient amounts of the nutrient in question.

Drinking plenty of water is another way of dealing with such pain. Keep in mind that low levels of water in the body may lead to other forms of pain including headache. Individuals that spend a lot of time sitting down can remedy the situation by incorporating back support systems or tools. Lumbar pillows and seat cushions can be an effective option.

Effective Strategies for Preventing Back Pain

According to the American Spinal Decompression Association (ASDA), 80% of Americans experience back pain including lower back pain at some point in their lives. In addition, up to 50% of working Americans experience back pain symptoms at some point every year. Sadly, treatment can be costly with Americans spending $50 billion annually on back pain alone, the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research reports.


The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) says back pain may be caused by aging, poor sitting posture, smoking, sports injuries, excess body weight, hereditary factors, and poor physical fitness.Medical conditions such as arthritis, kidney stones, spinal stenosis, scoliosis, fibromyalgia, kidney infections, endometriosis, and cancer can also cause back pain.

Prevention Strategies

Back pain prevention depends on factors such as age, overall health, and the underlying cause. With this in mind, back pain caused by poor sitting posture can be prevented by adopting proper sitting posture as well as using a workstation with a chair that offers lumbar support. What’s more, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommends adopting a sitting posture such that the shoulders are in line with the hips while the ears remain in line with the tops of the shoulders. Besides this, the NIAMS recommends regular exercises designed to strengthen back muscles. However, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) warns against remaining inactive throughout the week and only exercising on weekends. People who do so are highly likely to develop back injuries than people who exercise regularly throughout the week. At the same time, ensure your diet has plenty of vitamin D and calcium because these nutrients are essential for maintaining strong bones. If you are obese or overweight, shed the excess weight because it exerts pressure on spinal discs and nerves, which in turn causes back pain. This is according to the NINDS.


Back pain especially low back pain can be debilitating and make it hard for one to work productively. Common causes of back pain include poor sitting posture, back injuries, excess weight, kidney-related medical conditions, and scoliosis. Luckily, regular exercise (throughout the week), eating vitamin D and calcium-rich foods, a lumbar pillow and shedding unwanted weight are some of the effective strategies you can use to prevent back pain.